Honestly, for a first approximation, I'll echo what Veil said: do the easy quests.
Off the cuff for research: get 80+ pop, HCT 300, Fi/Co (if you have Fi/Co pods, otherwise Fr/De), all the core mining (and more HCT if you need it), and then TT. If you're solo you're going to require scans as well, at least unit, but preferably JGP, and then au, and then mil. Such is life.
Structures: a few reslabs, couple of factories, and then mostly refineries, (and if you're solo, at least a few amps).
Government: tot! Don't let anyone tell you otherwise.
The outraged poets threw sticks and rocks over the side of the bridge. They were all missing Mary and he felt a contented smug feeling wash over him. He would have given them a coy little wave if the roof hadn't collapsed just then. Mary then found himself in the middle of an understandably shocked family's kitchen table. So he gave them the coy little wave and realized it probably would have been more effective if he hadn't been lying on their turkey.